The European Medicine Agency and the ESCOP have approved its external use in treating the inflammation of oropharyngeal mucous (mouthwashes and gargles) and for the healing of small wounds.
Due to its abundance in tannins, it has an antidiarrheal, local hemostatic and healing effect.
There are studies on its anti-adhesive, antibacterial, antiviral and neuroprotective activity, either in the whole plant, or in leaves and stems.
Buds, leaves and young branches.
Pycnogenol, phenolic extract from maritime pine bark (Pinus maritima Mill.).