Dried, whole or chopped leaves.
The ESCOP (European Scientific Cooperative on Phytotherapy) recommends its use for digestive discomfort (e.g. stomach pain, nausea, vomiting, bloating, flatulence) and for hepatobiliary dysfunction. The European Medicine Agency (EMA) considers only its traditional use for the symptomatic relief of digestive disorders such as dyspepsia with a feeling of fullness, bloating and flatulence (gas).
The main pharmacological actions are related to digestive processes: eupeptic (contributes to good digestion), choleretic (activates the production of bile and liver function), cholagogue (facilitates the removal of bile retained in the gallbladder) and antiemetic (prevents vomiting). It also protects the liver, which is attributed to capturing free radicals
Borage oil obtained from seeds and refined afterwards. An antioxidant may be added. In addition, aerial parts and borage flowers have also popularly been used.