Dried, whole or chopped leaves.
The ESCOP (European Scientific Cooperative on Phytotherapy) recommends its use for digestive discomfort (e.g. stomach pain, nausea, vomiting, bloating, flatulence) and for hepatobiliary dysfunction. The European Medicine Agency (EMA) considers only its traditional use for the symptomatic relief of digestive disorders such as dyspepsia with a feeling of fullness, bloating and flatulence (gas).
The main pharmacological actions are related to digestive processes: eupeptic (contributes to good digestion), choleretic (activates the production of bile and liver function), cholagogue (facilitates the removal of bile retained in the gallbladder) and antiemetic (prevents vomiting). It also protects the liver, which is attributed to capturing free radicals
Leaves and roots. Often its aerial parts are sold; aerial parts and roots are mixed, inflorescence free.