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Ginger

Zingiber officinale Roscoe

Jengibre
Part used

Dried rhizome, whole or sliced, as a whole or partially peeled.

Indication

The ESCOP and the European Medicine Agency (EMA) accepts its traditional, well-established use and for the prevention of nausea and vomiting during motion sickness and pregnancy, in the latter case under proper medical supervision. It is also used as a symptomatic treatment of mild spasmodic disorders in the gastrointestinal tract, including bloating and flatulence (gas).

In general, it is also used as a digestive in the cases of dyspepsia. Following investigations conducted in recent years regarding its anti-inflammatory properties and effectiveness in the treatment of chronic inflammatory processes such as osteoarthritis, it can also be a good adjunct in the treatment of these conditions.

Properties

Traditionally used as a digestive stimulant and a carminative, it has great therapeutic potential because of its anti-inflammatory and antiemetic (to prevent vomiting) properties.

To stimulate digestion, ginger rhizome stimulates the secretion of saliva and gastric juices. It has cholagogue properties (to increase the secretion of bile). It increases the tone of intestinal muscles and activates intestinal movements.

Thanks to its antiemetic properties, experiments show that extracts of ginger rhizome orally stimulates gastric emptying and gastrointestinal movement.

Because of its anti-inflammatory activity, ginger extract is able to inhibit the induction of pro-inflammatory molecules in different cell types, which makes it have potential in the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis.