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Pine tree

Pinus sp.

Pino
Part used

Buds, leaves and young branches.

Pycnogenol, phenolic extract from maritime pine bark (Pinus maritima Mill.).

Indication

The E Commission approves the use of pine extract for catarrhal conditions in the upper respiratory tract; in topical muscle and nerve pain.

Pycnogenol: According to numerous clinical trials, pycnogenol can be recommended for multiple pathological conditions, such as chronic venous insufficiency, muscle cramps, venous ulcers, prevention of thrombus formation on long flights, diabetic microangiopathy, retinopathy, as an antioxidant, in improving cognitive function in cases of systemic lupus erythematosus, in asthmatic processes, erectile dysfunction and male infertility in hypercholesterolemia, osteoarthritis and attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder.

Properties

Pine buds are used as expectorants and mucolytics and as adjuvants in the treatment of musculoskeletal conditions.

Its essential oil is used as a mucolytic and expectorant.

The bark is used to obtain pycnogenol, the subject of numerous pharmacological studies that have revealed multiple pharmacological mechanisms, among which; its antioxidant action must be highlighted.